Cille pheadair

Context
Located in the parish of Kilmuir, the site of Cille Pheadair shows no trace of the chapel which presumably existed in the past and Beveridge (1911, 296) states that the burial ground has ‘been exposed in course of ploughing the field’. There is an early medieval cross made of gneiss at the site (Fisher 2001, 110).

Discussion
Little can be said about the dating of the church since no traces of it remain and without further evidence it is very difficult to say anything with certainty about the dating of the dedication to St Peter. Other dedications to St Peter, in particular Cille Pheadair in South Uist, may lend support to a potentially early date for this site. At the very least, they demonstrate that place-names with dedications to St Peter in the Hebrides were coined in the medieval period. Beveridge (1911, 296) believed that the name St. Patricius recorded by Speed (1610) (and other pre-Blaeu maps) may have referred to this site, but this is unlikely considering its location on the map (see St Columba’s Chapel for further discussion).

Other sources
OS Name Books (OS1/18/6/31): ‘This name is applied to the site of an ancient chapel and grave yard now disused. There is no trace of the building to be seen, but where the chapel is said to have been, there are plenty of human bones to be found on the surface of the ground which is at present under crop. It is situate[d] 9 chains in a N Easterly direction from the ruin of the old farm house called Kilphedder […] The name Cille-pheadair signif[ies] “St Peter's Burying Place”.’

Other Resources
Canmore ID 10111, 319446
Saints in Scottish Place-Names (DoSH) ‘Cille Pheadair, eccles. North Uist’